Incontinence is the inability to control urine flow. Urinary control relies on the finely coordinated activities of the smooth muscle tissue of the urethra and bladder, skeletal muscle, voluntary inhibition, and the autonomic nervous system. Urinary incontinence can result from anatomic, physiologic, or pathologic (disease) factors.
Acute and temporary incontinence are commonly caused by the following:
- Limited mobility
- Medication side effect
- Urinary tract infection